1) Jesuit logo: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_NXTk7a7arHg/StKRNpZqPEI/AAAAAAAAAAk/_KbF-pMNKgs/s320/education+2.jpg
2) "A 1906 Punch cartoon depicting Leopold II as a rubber vine entangling a Congolese man" - Wikipedia; URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Punch_congo_rubber_cartoon.jpg
"..........Under Leopold II's administration, the Congo Free State became one of the greatest international scandals of the early twentieth century. The report of the British Consul Roger Casement led to the arrest and punishment of white officials who had been responsible for killings during a rubber-collecting expedition in 1903 (including one Belgian national for causing the shooting of at least 122 Congolese people).........."
"...... Roger Casement, then the British Consul at Boma (at the mouth of the Congo River), delivered a long, detailed eyewitness report which was published in 1904. The British Congo Reform Association, founded by Morel with Casement's support, demanded action. Other European nations and the United States followed suit. The British Parliament demanded a meeting of the 14 signatory powers to review the 1885 Berlin Agreement. The Belgian Parliament, pushed by Emile Vandervelde and other critics of the King's Congolese policy, forced Leopold to set up an independent commission of inquiry, and despite the King's efforts, in 1905 it confirmed Casement's report.........."
URL: address as above.
During the two first decades of their missionary activity in Congo, the Jesuits experienced a lot of opposition while trying to insert the native youth in their educational system. The frictions were brought to a climax when the Jesuits tried to be appointed legal guardian of hundreds of young men and women who had become orphans during the epidemic of sleeping sickness. The missions of the Jesuits were therefore publicly criticized in November 1905 by the Committee of Inquiry. The first part of my paper will analyze the Committee’s objections with regard to the extreme diligence of the Jesuit recruitment methods, the isolation, the harsh treatment and the alleged exploitation of young Congolese in the Jesuit missions, and particularly in their so-called chapel-farms..............."
URL: see below in References.
".......Above image - "China to push for peace in eastern DRC";...........".
DRC as Democratic Republic of Congo, alias former
Congo Free State
of infamous RC Leopold II of Belgium.... see my historical:
Monday, September 06, 2010
Planetary Economical Chain of Reaction to destroy Western civilization (Lutheran separation between "church" and "state")
* * *
Friday, March 16, 2012
".....The beginning of a new dawn........"
Thursday, July 19, 2012
The moment X.
For the Committee of Inquiry on Jesuits' treatment of young native Congolese:
https://lirias.kuleuven.be/bitstream/123456789/.../2/ufsia.abstr..docFile Format: Microsoft Word - Quick View
by W François - 2002
This rather unknown chapter from the history of the Belgian missionary presence in Congo documents the difficult challenge of the encounter between ...